A Gateway to the Great Books, Volumes 1-10 by Mortimer J. Adler, Robert M. Hutchins

By Mortimer J. Adler, Robert M. Hutchins

Gateway to the good Books is a 10-volume sequence of books initially released via Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. in 1963 and edited by means of Mortimer Adler and Robert Maynard Hutchins. The set was once designed as an creation to the nice Books of the Western global, released by means of a similar association and editors in 1952. The set incorporated choices - brief tales, performs, essays, letters, and extracts from longer works - by way of multiple hundred authors. the choices have been more often than not shorter and in many ways less complicated than the full-length books incorporated within the nice Books.

Contents
Volume 1: advent; Syntopical Guide

* A letter to the reader
* Introduction
* Syntopical guide
* Appendices
o A plan of graded reading
o advised novels
o steered anthologies of poetry

Volume 2: inventive Literature I

* Daniel Defoe, Excerpts from Robinson Crusoe
* Rudyard Kipling, "Mowgli's Brothers" from The Jungle Book
* Victor Hugo, "The conflict with the Cannon" from Ninety-Three
* man de Maupassant, "Two Friends"
* Ernest Hemingway, "The Killers" from males with no Women
* Sir Walter Scott, "The Drovers" from Chronicles of the Canongate
* Joseph Conrad, "Youth"
* Voltaire, Micromegas
* Oscar Wilde, "The satisfied Prince" from The satisfied Prince and different Tales
* Edgar Allan Poe, "The Tell-Tale Heart", "The Masque of the purple Death"
* Robert Louis Stevenson, The unusual Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
* Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens), the fellow That Corrupted Hadleyburg
* Charles Dickens, "A complete and trustworthy file of the Memorable Trial of Bardell opposed to Pickwick" from The Pickwick Papers
* Nikolai Gogol, "The Overcoat"
* Samuel Butler, "Customs and evaluations of the Erewhonians" from Erewhon
* Sherwood Anderson, "I'm a Fool"
* nameless, Aucassin and Nicolette

Volume three: imaginitive Literature II

* Stephen Crane, "The Open Boat"
* Herman Melville, "Billy Budd"
* Ivan Bunin, "The Gentleman from San Francisco"
* Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Rappaccini's Daughter"
* George Eliot, "The Lifted Veil"
* Lucius Apuleius, "Cupid and Psyche" from The Golden Ass
* Ivan Turgenev, "First Love"
* Fyodor Dostoevsky, "White Nights"
* John Galsworthy, "The Apple-Tree"
* Gustave Flaubert, "The Legend of St. Julian the Hospitaller"
* F. Scott Fitzgerald, "The Diamond as mammoth because the Ritz"
* Honoré de Balzac, "A ardour within the Desert"
* Anton Chekhov, "The Darling"
* Isaac Singer, "The Spinoza of industry Street"
* Alexander Pushkin, "The Queen of Spades"
* D. H. Lawrence, "The Rocking-Horse Winner"
* Henry James, "The Pupil"
* Thomas Mann, "Mario and the Magician"
* Isak Dinesen, "Sorrow-Acre"
* Leo Tolstoy, "The demise of Ivan Ilyitch", "The 3 Hermits", "What males stay By"

Volume four: creative Literature III

* Molière, The Misanthrope, The surgeon inspite of Himself
* Richard Sheridan, the varsity for Scandal
* Henrik Ibsen, An Enemy of the People
* Anton Chekhov, The Cherry Orchard
* George Bernard Shaw, the fellow of Destiny
* John Synge, Riders to the Sea
* Eugene O'Neill, The Emperor Jones

Volume five: serious Essays

* Virginia Woolf, "How should still One learn a Book?"
* Matthew Arnold, "The examine of Poetry", "Sweetness and Light"
* Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, "What Is a Classic?", "Montaigne"
* Francis Bacon, "Of Beauty", "Of Discourse", "Of Studies"
* David Hume, "Of the traditional of Taste"
* Arthur Schopenhauer, "On Style", "On a few types of Literature", "On the Comparative position of curiosity and wonder in Works of Art"
* Friedrich Schiller, "On uncomplicated and mawkish Poetry"
* Percy Bysshe Shelley, "A Defence of Poetry"
* Walt Whitman, Preface to Leaves of Grass
* William Hazlitt, "My First Acquaintance with Poets", "On Swift", "Of people One would need to Have Seen"
* Charles Lamb, "My First Play", "Dream young children, a Reverie", "Sanity of precise Genius"
* Samuel Johnson, Preface to Shakespeare
* Thomas de Quincey, Literature of information and Literature of Power", "On the Knocking on the Gate in Macbeth"
* T. S. Eliot, "Dante", "Tradition and the person Talent"

Volume 6: guy and Society I

* John Stuart Mill, "Childhood and Youth" from Autobiography
* Mark Twain, "Learning the River" from lifestyles at the Mississippi
* Jean de los angeles Bruyere, "Characters" from A booklet of Characters
* Thomas Carlyle, 'The Hero as King" from On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History
* Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Thoreau"
* Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Sketch of Abraham Lincoln"
* Walt Whitman, "Death of Abraham Lincoln"
* Virginia Woolf, "The paintings of Biography"
* Xenophon, "The March to the Sea" from The Persian excursion, "The personality of Socrates" from Memorabilia
* William H. Prescott, "The Land of Montezuma" from The Conquest of Mexico
* Haniel lengthy, "The energy inside Us"
* Pliny the more youthful, "The Eruption of Vesuvius"
* Tacitus, "The lifetime of Gnaeus Julius Agricola"
* Francois Guizot, "Civilization" from heritage of Civilization in Europe
* Henry Adams, "The usa in 1800" from background of the U.S. of America
* John Bagnell Bury, "Herodotus" from the traditional Greek Historians
* Lucian, "The strategy to Write History"
* nice Documents
o The English invoice of Rights
o announcement of the Rights of guy and of the Citizen
o The Virginia assertion of Rights
o The assertion of Independence
o constitution of the United Nations
o common announcement of Human Rights
* Thomas Paine, "A name to Patriots - December 23, 1776"
* George Washington, "Circular Letter to the Governors of all of the States on Disbanding the Army", "The Farewell Address"
* Thomas Jefferson, "The Virginia Constitution" from Notes on Virginia, "First Inaugural Address", "Biographical Sketches"
* Benjamin Franklin, "A idea for selling valuable wisdom one of the British Plantations in America", "Proposals with regards to the schooling of adlescent in Pennsylvania"
* Jean de Crevecoeur, "The Making of Americans" from Letters from an American Farmer
* Alexis de Tocqueville, "Observations on American existence and Government" from Democracy in America
* Henry David Thoreau,"Civil Disobedience", "A Plea for Captain John Brown"
* Abraham Lincoln, "Address at Cooper Institute", "First Inaugural Address", "Letter to Horace Greeley", "Meditation at the Divine Will", "The Gettysburg Address", "Second Inaugural Address", "Last Public Address"

Volume 7: guy and Society II

* Francis Bacon, "Of formative years and Age", "Of mom and dad and Children", "Of Marriage and unmarried Life", "Of nice Place", "Of Seditions and Troubles", "Of customized and Education", "Of fans and Friends", "Of Usury", "Of Riches"
* Jonathan fast, "Resolutions while I grow to be Old", "An Essay on glossy Education", "A Meditation upon a Broomstick", "A Modest suggestion for fighting the youngsters of eire from Being a Burden to Their mom and dad or Country"
* David Hume, "Of Refinement within the Arts", "Of Money", "Of the stability of Trade", "Of Taxes", "Of the learn of History"
* Plutarch, "Of Bashfulness"
* Robert Louis Stevenson, "The Lantern-Bearers" from around the Plains
* John Ruskin, "An Idealist's Arraignment of the Age" from 4 Clavigera
* William James, "On a undeniable Blindness in Human Beings", "The Energies of Men", "Great males and Their Environment"
* Arthur Schopenhauer, "On Education"
* Michael Faraday, "Observations on psychological Education"
* Edmund Burke, "Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol"
* John Calhoun, "The Concurrent Majority"
* Thomas Babington Macaulay, "Machiavelli"
* Voltaire, "English males and Ideas" from Letters at the English
* Dante, "On global Government" from De Monarchia
* Jean Jacques Rousseau, "A Lasting Peace throughout the Federation of Europe"
* Immanuel Kant, "Perpetual Peace"
* Karl von Clausewitz, "What Is War?" from On War
* Thomas Robert Malthus, "The precept of Population" from inhabitants: the 1st Essay

Volume eight: usual Science

* Francis Bacon, "The Sphinx"
* John Tyndall, "Michael Faraday" from Faraday as a Discoverer
* Eve Curie, "The Discovery of Radium" from Madame Curie
* Charles Darwin, "Autobiography"
* Jean Henri Fabre, "A Laboratory of the Open Fields", "The Sacred Beetle"
* Loren Eiseley, "On Time"
* Rachel Carson, "The Sunless Sea" from the ocean round Us
* J. B. S. Haldane, "On Being the suitable Size" from attainable Worlds
* Thomas Henry Huxley, "On the family members of guy to the decrease Animals", "On a bit of Chalk"
* Francis Galton, "The class of Human Ability" from Hereditary Genius
* Claude Bernard, "Experimental concerns universal to residing issues and Inorganic Bodies"
* Ivan Pavlov, "Scientific examine of the So-called Psychical tactics within the greater Animals"
* Friedrich Wohler, "On the synthetic creation of Urea"
* Charles Lyell, "Geological Evolution" from the foundations of Geology
* Galileo, "The Starry Messenger"
* Tommaso Campanella, "Arguments for and opposed to Galileo" from The safety of Galileo
* Michael Faraday, The Chemical heritage of a Candle
* Dmitri Mendeleev, "The Genesis of a legislations of Nature" from The Periodic legislations of the Chemical Elements
* Hermann von Helmholtz, "On the Conservation of Force"
* Albert Einstein and Leopold Infeld, "The upward thrust and Decline of Classical Physics" from The Evolution of Physics
* Arthur Eddington, "The Running-Down of the Universe" from Nature and the actual World
* James denims, "Beginnings and Endings" from The Universe round Us
* Kees Boeke, "Cosmic View"

Volume nine: Mathematics

* Lancelot Hogben, "Mathematics, the replicate of Civilization" from arithmetic for the Million
* Andrew Russell Forsyth, "Mathematics, in existence and Thought"
* Alfred North Whitehead, "On Mathematical Method", "On the character of a Calculus"
* Bertrand Russell, "The learn of Mathematics", "Mathematics and the Metaphysicians", "Definition of Number"
* Edward Kasner and James R. Newman, "New Names for Old", "Beyond the Googol"
* Tobias Dantzig, "Fingerprints", "The Empty Column"
* Leonhard Euler, "The Seven Bridges of Konigsberg"
* Norman Robert Campbell, "Measurement", "Numerical legislation and using arithmetic in Science"
* William Clifford, "The Postulates of the technological know-how of Space" from the commonsense of the precise Sciences
* Henri Poincaré, "Space", "Mathematical Creation", "Chance"
* Pierre Simon de Laplace, "Probability" from A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities
* Charles Sanders Peirce, "The purple and the Black"

Volume 10: Philosophical Essays

* John Erskine, "The ethical legal responsibility to Be Intelligent"
* William Clifford, "The Ethics of Belief"
* William James, "The Will to Believe", "The Sentiment of Rationality"
* John Dewey, "The technique of Thought" from How We Think
* Epicurus, "Letter to Herodotus", "Letter to Menoeceus"
* Epictetus, The Enchiridion
* Walter Pater, "The paintings of Life" from The Renaissance
* Plutarch, "Contentment"
* Cicero, "On Friendship", "On outdated Age"
* Francis Bacon, "Of Truth", "Of Death", "Of Adversity", "Of Love", "Of Friendship", "Of Anger"
* George Santayana, "Lucretius", "Goethe's Faust"
* Henry Adams, "St. Thomas Aquinas" from Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres
* Voltaire, "The Philosophy of universal Sense"
* John Stuart Mill, "Nature"
* Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Nature", "Self-Reliance", "Montaigne; or, the Skeptic"
* William Hazlitt, "On the sensation of Immortality in Youth"
* Thomas Browne, "Immortality" from Urn-Burial

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Additional resources for A Gateway to the Great Books, Volumes 1-10

Sample text

Yes, now, for England and the world; but in the time of Pope he was not considered so. Pope and his friends were the only pre-eminent classics; directly after their death they seemed so forever. ). We are all familiar with the famous aphorisms, the Latin de gustibus non est disputandum (“there is no disputing about tastes”) and the French chacun á son goût (“each to his taste”). But Hume (Of the Standard of Taste, Vol. 5) is willing to say that there is a way to measure literature: “. . ” But the difficulties are at once apparent: How do we determine “strong sense”?

Ulysses deliberately sought out every challenge that man or god could muster, and Crusoe, all alone, tamed primeval nature to his civilized wants. Such heroes, increasing their stature to giant size, vicariously increase the size of those who read of their exploits. ” Crusoe’s ingenious devices for carving a home for himself out of next to nothing have their echo in the do-it-yourself kit with which we moderns construct or repair an implement we could have bought cheaper at the store; we are all Crusoes and Ulysseses and our small adventures spring from their great ones.

Necessity? Law? Justice? Equality? Slavery? Government? The State? Society? Happiness? Pursuing these ideas through the Great Books of the Western World—the passages dealing with them are all indexed under these terms in the Syntopicon—we are sooner or later drawn to almost every one of the other great ideas. And nowhere is the dispute among thinkers hotter than it is in connection with this one concept, liberty. 46 Gateway to the Great Books Most of the works in Volumes 6 and 7 of Gateway to the Great Books deal with liberty, as do many of the writings in the other volumes.

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