A Zeptospace Odyssey, A Journey Into The Physics Of The LHC by Gian Francesco Giudice

By Gian Francesco Giudice

This publication offers an easy and comprehensible advisor for appreciating the discoveries which are approximately to happen on the huge Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, the world's greatest particle accelerator. A CERN physicist leads the lay reader into the area of particle physics, from the excellent technological ideas that have been essential to construct the LHC, in the course of the speculative theories invented to explain the final word legislation governing the universe. the result's a unprecedented trip contained in the cloth of subject, a thrilling experience within an odd and bewildering house, by which you will savour the size of the highbrow revolution that's approximately to ensue. Does the mysterious Higgs boson exist? Does house disguise supersymmetry or expand into additional dimensions? How can colliding protons on the LHC release the secrets and techniques of the foundation of our universe? those questions are all framed after which addressed by means of a professional within the box. whereas making no compromises in accuracy, this state-of-the-art fabric is gifted in a pleasant, obtainable kind. The book's objective isn't just to notify, yet to provide the reader the physicist's feel of awe and pleasure, as we stand near to a brand new period in figuring out the realm during which all of us live.

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Yukawa, “Tabibito” (The Traveler), World Scientific, Singapore 1982. 46 | A Z E P T O S PA C E O D Y S S E Y force – argued Yukawa – can act at any distance and has an infinite range, simply because the photon has no mass. But if the photon, which is the mediator of the electromagnetic force, had a mass, then the force would act only at short distances. Thus – concluded Yukawa – the particle that mediates the strong force must be heavy, and this explains why the force between protons and neutrons acts only at nuclear distances.

Sophocles12 The story of the discovery of the weak force starts on a cloudy Parisian day in February 1896. Henri Becquerel (1852–1908, Nobel Prize 1903) was engaged in experiments on phosphorescence. He wrapped 12 Sophocles, Œdipus Coloneus. FORC E S OF N A T U R E | 37 a photographic plate inside a thick layer of black paper, and arranged on top of it a metallic object – a medal shaped like a Maltese cross. Finally, he placed on top of everything a sheet of potassium uranyl sulfate, a uranium salt prepared by him.

De Broglie, GauthierVillars, Paris 1912. 36 | A Z E P T O S PA C E O D Y S S E Y rewarded with the Nobel Prize not for relativity – his best-known theory – but for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. In the confusing results of the photoelectric effect, quantum mechanics was showing its true nature as a theory that defies common intuition. Physicists had to resign themselves to the idea that, in quantum mechanics, the familiar concepts of particle and wave are intrinsically ambiguous and not mutually exclusive.

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