Acyl Halides (1972)

Chapter 1 common and theoretical elements (pages 1–34): Massimo Simonetta and Paolo Beltrame
Chapter 2 instruction of acyl halides (pages 35–68): Martin F. Ansell
Chapter three Detection, selection and characterization (pages 69–101): Hannah Weiler?Feilchenfeld
Chapter four Acid?base behaviour and complicated formation (pages 103–136): D. P. N. Satchell and R. S. Satchell
Chapter five Directing and activating results of COX teams (pages 137–176): P. H. Gore
Chapter 6 Mechanisms of substitution on the COX staff (pages 177–230): Antti Kivinen
Chapter 7 relief (pages 231–251): Owen H. Wheeler
Chapter eight Rearrangements related to acyl halides (pages 253–292): D. V. Banthorpe and B. V. Smith
Chapter nine Photochemistry and radiation chemistry of carbonyl halides (pages 293–312): U. Schmidt and H. Egger
Chapter 10 organic reactions of carbonyl halides (pages 313–348): Sasson Cohen
Chapter eleven Thiocarbonyl halides (pages 349–380): okay. T. Potts and C. Sapino
Chapter 12 Chloroformate esters and similar compounds (pages 381–453): Dennis N. Kevill
Chapter thirteen The acyl hypohalites (pages 455–500): Dennis D. Tanner and Nigel J. Bunce

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H. A. Christ, P. Diehl, H. R. Schneider and H. Dahn, Helv. A d a , 44,865 (1961). 130. €3. Gutbier and H. G. Plust, Cheni. , 88, 1777 (1955). 131. R. H. Shapiro and J. W. Serum, Org. , 2, 533 (1969). 132. E. M. Chait, W. B. Askew and C. B. Matthews, Org. , 2, 1135 (1969). 133. M. I. Bruce and M. A. Thomas, Org. , 1, 417 (1968). 134. R. G. Cooks, 3. Ronayne and D. H. Williams, J. Chem. Soc. C , 2601 (1967). 135. H. Budzikiewicz, C. Djerassi and D. H. Williams, Interpretation of Mass Spectra of Organic Cotnpoiinds, Holden-Day, San Francisco, 1964.

SUMMARY . IX. REFERENCES 35 36 36 40 43 44 47 49 50 51 51 52 52 53 55 55 57 57 59 61 63 64 64 6. lNBWQDlOCTlOM Acyl halides are most commonly prcpared from the parent carboxylic acid, although other carboxylic acid derivatives may be used as precursors and the direct introduction of the halocarbonyl group is possible. The various methods described in the sequel are in principle all applicable to the preparation of fluorides, chlorides, bromides and iodides. However, the method employed for a particular class of compounds varies according to the availability of the reagent.

20 TAaLE Massimo Simonetta and Paolo Beltrame 13. r. -A 648 675 - 603 - Relations have been found between the electronegativity of halogens and the stretching frequency of the carbonyl group in acyi iia;idesS9*$’l. An analogous correlation has been suggested for the out-of-plane C = O bending frequency”. 268x,CYOR (7) 0, It appears that Jc is increased by electron withdrawal due to the inductive efTect of groups X and Y, as well as by electron release from the same groups into the r-system. 4 XIY FIGURE 7.

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