Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems: An by John H. Holland

By John H. Holland

Sturdy, besides the fact that, the Amazon.com directory didn't say that this article used to be geared for Ph.D.'s in arithmetic.

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Extra resources for Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems: An Introductory Analysis with Applications to Biology, Control, and Artificial Intelligence

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Has the same generality as Q F* ~ Fand . Ci1 . "'. : Ci- + Reals, performance ' Y, a probability distribution over fortunes or a gamble. r , a function assigning a set of gambles to eachfE : F , the house. 0-: F* - + {' Y} , a strategy which assigns to each partial history pEP * a gamble rU ) , where I is the latest fortune in the sequencep . uP - + Reals, utility . As implied by their terminology, Dubins and Savagetreat situations wherein the expectationfor any strategy0', given an initial fortune F, is lessthan F.

What is n ? What are the mechanisms of adaptation? What is mt? What part of the history of its interactionwith the environmentdoes the organism(system , organization ) retain in addition to that summarized in the structuretested? What is 3? What limits are thereto the adaptiveprocess What is X? es to be Corn about) adaptiveprocess How are different(hypotheses pared? in NaturalandArtificialSystems Adaptation 3. COMPARISON WITH THE DUBINS-SAVAGEFORMALIZATION OF THE GAMBLER' S PROBLEM . . much of the mathematicalessence of a theory of gamblingconsistsof the discoveryand demonstrationof sharpinequalitiesfor stochasticprocess es.

Which can be applied (repeatedly) in carrying out the search. As in the caseof games, a tree is a convenient abstract representationof the search. For searches, each edgecorresponds to a possible transformation " .. and the traverse of any path in the tree correspondsto the application of the associatedsequenceof transformations. The vertex at the end of a path extending from the initial vertex correspondsto the situation produced from the initial situation by the transformations associatedwith the path.

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