AIDS and Aid: A Public Good Approach by Diana Sonntag (auth.)

By Diana Sonntag (auth.)

The unfolding tragedy of the AIDS epidemic is an example the place a sickness with neighborhood origins has created results world wide. Todd Sandler (2001a) healthiness issues are ?rmly embedded within the constructing global. stipulations of poverty like insufficient health and wellbeing infrastructures and sanitation, constrained entry to therapy of ailments and so on. have elevated the susceptibility to ailments. even if, there's an expanding wisdom that illnesses of the terrible go nationwide borders and, therefore, have an effect on the wellbeing and fitness of individuals globally. Of all of the health and wellbeing crises originating from the constructing international the HIV/AIDS epidemic doesn't in basic terms appear to be the most important humanitarian hindrance but additionally possesses significant financial, de- graphical and social results. AIDS can cause even larger results sooner or later if the unfold of HIV isn't stopped. The overseas group has known this necessity by means of settling on the 1 ?ght opposed to AIDS as one of many 8 Millennium improvement objectives (MDGs ).

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Condoms were distributed for free among brothels and massage parlours. Prostitutes and their clients are ordered to use them. Brothels failing to comply are closed. In addition, mass media campaigns are implemented to reach clients of sex workers and educate them about the consequences of their risky sexual behaviour. As a result of the Thai’s expanded response, the national HIV prevalence which had steadily increased in the early 1990s up to 4% stabilised below 2% in the following years. 4%) and there are signs of a further decline in 2007 (UNAIDS 2006b, Annex 1; UNAIDS 2007b).

This can primarily be attained by providing sex education about sexual intercourse, STIs and how to avoid them. Preventive health measures to limit the transmission of tuberculosis are still a prior intervention. Because of the biological synergies with HIV, these infections are mutually exacerbating. Tuberculosis accelerates HIV replication while HIV increases the risk of both activation of a latent tuberculosis infection and the risk of diseases afterwards (Corbett et al. 2002, p. 2182). The new outbreak of drug-resistant tuberculosis in South Africa strengthens this argument (Wines 2007).

Prophylactic health measures have to be targeted to people who are most likely to get infected and transmit HIV to others. It seems useful to focus interventions on injecting drug users or commercial sex workers because HIV is concentrated among these subpopulations in early stages. Therefore, access to sterilised needles, syringes and other injecting equipment should be ensured to prevent a direct infection by blood exchanges. This can be achieved by implementing needle or syringe exchange programmes.

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