By Peter Burns
This introductory textual content explains how anthropology is critical to the learn of tourism dynamics. beginning with an outline of the improvement of anthropology as a social technological know-how, the writer makes use of a wealth of foreign examples, together with the united kingdom, united states and Australia, to carry functional relevance to advanced theories. With its lucid writing variety, summaries, pattern questions and recommendations for extra studying, this publication should be a useful instructing source during this zone.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Tourism and Anthropology
The Band Aid Perspective on Development Projects’. 2 Tourism Plate 2: Probably one of the world’s most obvious tourist icons: the Eiffel Tower. This edifice symbolises both the city of Paris and, in a sense, tourism itself. The tower serves no particular function apart from its touristic one. It is almost inconceivable to visit Paris without visiting this monument. ’ Answers might be found through semiotics (the study of signs and symbolic 22 ANTHROPOLOGY, TOURISM AND TOURISTS meanings). Dean MacCannell has much to say on this topic.
5 Also from an industry perspective, American Express commissioned a market study (involving over 6,500 respondents in the US, UK, Germany and Japan) to help them understand some of the underlying thinking of a consumer’s travel purchase. 2 so as to contrast with the academic approach of Cohen. In addition to tourist types, classifications by purpose of travel have also been established. Wahab (1975) produced such a scheme based on: recreational tourism; cultural tourism; health tourism; sport tourism; and conference tourism.
The writer and poet Robert Graves lived there for a period where he ‘endeavoured to create a “perfect community”: organising social life for artists and writers and their local friends in Deià, and publishing a literary magazine’ (ibid). Just as change in a village is complex, fragmented and multifaceted, within tourism there is increasingly less a single, stable hierarchy of styles of tourism. Rather a fragmentation of competing styles reflecting age groups, occupational class and lifestyles is emerging as the phenomenon itself matures and marketing expertise becomes more sophisticated.